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Basic Science Curriculum

Basic Science Curriculum

第一学期

MD 100 – ANATOMICAL FOUNDATION OF MEDICINE

This course includes 大体解剖学神经解剖学胚胎学. 本课程的解剖学部分探讨解剖结构与功能之间的关系. By the way of lectures, dissections of cadavers, 演讲, 组织研讨会, evaluation of radiographs, 学生将获得成人人体器官系统临床解剖学的基本知识, including the brain 和 spinal cord. 以计算机为基础的指导程序和结构化的复习被用来补充讲课和实验. 特别强调整合解剖学和生理学资料,以协助学生了解常见疾病的过程.

The embryological component integrates human development, 让学生了解胚胎发育之间的关系, in terms of human body structure & 功能,以及先天性异常的潜在遗传机制. (15 credits: 223 hrs.)

MD 101 – MEDICAL ETHICS

本课程对医学实践中所面临的法律和伦理问题进行了全面的研究. 医学伦理学将包括一系列的研讨会,专门讨论各种主题,如披露, 自治, 善行, 因为这, respect for human rights, 安乐死, informed consent, 保密, importance of communication, ethics committees, cultural concerns, 真情流露的, conflicts of interest, 推荐, 治疗 of family members, sexual relationships, 安乐死, death 和 dying. The students will discuss 和 debate ethical scenarios. Legal cases posing dilemmas that relate to each case will be presented, 以及抽象材料,以促进概念和伦理分析. (2 credits; 26 hrs.)

第二学期

MD 200 – MOLECULAR & CELLULAR FOUNDATION OF MEDICINE

This courseincludes 生物化学, 遗传学, 微生物学, 和 免疫学. 本课程的生物化学部分将集中讨论生物化学途径,包括:克雷布斯循环, 糖酵解, 糖质新生, glycogen synthesis, cholesterol synthesis, Ketogensis, purine catabolism, steroid synthesis. Macromolecules along with their functions 和 regulation, basic cell biology, 表观遗传学, biotechnology 和 principles of 药理学. 除了, 激素反应和过程的化学和调节, 受体, 酶, 碳水化合物, 脂质, 蛋白质, 核酸, 维生素, 辅酶, minerals are also studied. 特别强调基础科学和临床医学之间的关系,并强调诊断, therapeutics 和 disease causation. This module will include didactic instruction, 小组问题解决练习和主要文献的批判性评价. 本课程的遗传部分涵盖了人类的遗传,并提供学生对当前临床遗传实践(诊断)的原理和概念的理解, 治疗, genetic counselling) is based.  (15 credits: 200hrs.)

The 微生物学 component of this coursereflectson microbial morphology, cultural characteristicsmicrobial 遗传学,chemical properties of microorganisms, pathogenic properties of medically important species of bacteria, 真菌, 原生动物, 后生动物, 和病毒. Including but not limited to the basic principles of bacteriology, 真菌学, 寄生虫学, 病毒学, 和免疫学. 以及它们在疾病过程中的作用,在传染病的诊断和治疗中.(10 credits, 140hours)

The 免疫学 part covers the basics of white blood cells, humoral products of the immune cells, molecular biology 和 遗传学 of antigen recognition 和 presentation, immunoglobulin production, antigen-antibody reactions. 方法是将这些基本概念与疾病的临床表现联系起来, the immunopathologic mechanisms of hypersensitivity, 自身免疫, 移植, tumor 免疫学, 繁殖, infectious diseases, immunodefiency 和 pharmacotherapy. (10 credits; 145 hrs.)

第三学期

MD 300 – PHYSIOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF MEDICINE

This course is composed of human 生理学, 组织学, 和 pharmacology. 组织学部分是一个讲课和实验课程,检查细胞的微观解剖, tissues 和 organs. 课程讲解主要组织和器官的结构与其功能的关系. 实验室练习使用光学显微镜研究这些成分,并利用载玻片和电子显微照片进行回顾和讨论. 本课程以实验室为导向,介绍正常细胞的分子生物学和组织学, tissues 和 organ systems at various developmental functional stages; 和 their relevant 药理学. 学生学习个体细胞功能如何相互作用,以及这种相互作用是如何从组织水平到器官水平完成的. 除了, students learn how organ systems normally function. Major organ system covered are: 心血管 system, 呼吸 system, 泌尿系统, 生殖 system, 内分泌 system, gastrointestinal system, the nervous system.特别强调生理学之间的整合和关系, 组织学, 药理学. (8 credits: 120 hrs.)

MD 303 – EPIDEMIOLOGY

本课程教授疾病在人群中的分布及其病因的基本原理. Students will acquire basic skills in epidemiologic principals, biostatistics 和 be able to apply these in clinical practice. 特别强调如何进行流行病学调查, 如何对医学文献进行批判性分析,如何在临床环境中实践这些信息. (2 credits; 30 hrs.)

第四学期

MD 400– INTEGRATION OF BASIC SCIENCES AND CLINICAL SCIENCES

This courseintegratesall basic science subjects: 胚胎学, 大体解剖学, 神经解剖学, 生物化学, 遗传学, 微生物学, 免疫学, 组织学, 生理学, 药理学, 病理, 流行病学, behavioral sciences, ethics; 和 the integrated content is delivered in the organ system manner by covering the Reproductive, Endocrine systems, 心血管, 呼吸, 肾脏系统, Gastrointestinal system, 血液, 免疫, 皮肤和肌肉骨骼系统以及多系统疾病. 另外, students will learn the relationship between individual systems, 药理学 和 clinical medicine with emphasis on diagnostics, therapeutics 和 disease causation.

在这门课, 学生将被介绍基础科学和临床医学的关系,重点是诊断学, therapeutics 和 disease causation. 此外,将整合前三个学期所学的概念. Each of these interactive sessions will include didactic instruction, 小组问题解决练习和主要文献的批判性评价. Students will be introduced to concepts of critical thinking. At the end of this course, 学生将能够识别和框架一个基于治疗的临床问题, 诊断, prognosis or etiology; develop a focused strategy to identify etiology of the disease, 诊断, construct a plan of management. 重点放在了解疾病过程和解决临床问题. 该课程在第二学年(第四学期和第五学期)授课,为期8个月, alongside the MD 500 – CLINICAL SKILLS. (30 credits; 400 hrs.)

MED 404 – BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

本课程从生物学的角度提供人类行为的基本原理, 社会, cultural setting. Both normal 和 abnormal behavior theories will be studied, including an overview of personality development, interviewing techniques, 死亡教育, 人类性行为, 以及心理生理障碍,包括压力管理和生物反馈. 另外, various classes of psychotropic drugs 和 their mechanism, 的不利影响, drug interactions, contraindications 和 indications will be covered. (12 credits; 181 hrs.)

第五学期

MED 500 – CLINICAL SKILLS

学生将学习和实践基本的医患沟通技巧, including initiating the session, building the relationship, exploration of problems, underst和ing the patient agenda 和 structuring the consultation, performing a physical exam, patient-centered history taking, 包括解释和计划治疗计划以及在特定情况下的沟通技巧, including delivering bad news, cultural 和 社会 diversity, demonstration of empathy. The format starts with chief complaint, other signs 和 symptoms, present medical history, past medical history, 家族病史, 社会 history 和 a complete review of systems. Students will also learn to perform a complete screening physical exam, 并将继续发展口头报告和病人记录的文件技巧. 学生还将学习与特定情况相关的临床技巧,包括精神疾病患者, communicating with other caregivers, providing advocacy 和 support. 身体检查技能将通过与所研究的器官系统相对应的身体检查技能的更全面的指导来加强, such as the integumentary, gastrointestinal, 内分泌, 肌肉骨骼, 生殖, 心血管, 呼吸, 肾, nervous system. 文件技能将进一步发展的重点病人访问, with additional instruction on medical order writing, diagnostic decision-making, prescription writing, complete history taking, 并进行系统的身体检查,包括口头报告和病人记录. 本课程与MD 400 -基础科学与临床科学的整合课程一起在第二学年(第4和5学期)开设, over the period of 8 months. (3 credits; 44 hrs.)

MD 505 – APPLIED MEDICINE

Students will be introduced to concepts of critical thinking. At the end of this course, 学生将能够识别和框架一个基于治疗的临床问题, 诊断, prognosis or etiology; develop a focused strategy to identify etiology of the disease, 诊断, construct a plan of management. 重点放在了解疾病过程和解决临床问题. 该课程在第二学年(第四学期和第五学期)授课,为期8个月, alongside the MD 500 – CLINICAL SKILLS. (30 credits; 400 hrs.